The Sun—the heart of our solar system—is a yellow dwarf star, a hot ball of glowing gases.
Its gravity holds the solar system together, keeping everything from the biggest planets to the smallest particles of debris in its orbit. It is 26,000 light years from the Galactic Center, the Source of our galaxy.
The Sun and the rest of the solar system formed from a giant, rotating cloud of gas and dust called a solar nebula about 4.5 billion years ago. As the nebula collapsed because of its overwhelming gravity, it spun faster and flattened into a disk. Most of the material was pulled toward the center to form our Sun, which accounts for 99.8% of the mass of the entire solar system.
Like other stars, the Sun is a ball of gas, made of hydrogen and helium. The Sun's enormous mass is held together by gravitational attraction, producing immense pressure and temperature at its core.
Though it is special to us, there are billions of stars like our Sun scattered across the Milky Way galaxy, Our Sun is not an especially large star—many are several times bigger—but it is still far more massive than our home planet.
The Sun has six regions: the core, the radiative zone, and the convective zone in the interior; the visible surface, called the photosphere; the chromosphere; and the outermost region, the corona.
The surface of the Sun, the photosphere, is 300-miles -thick, and from it most of the Sun's radiation escapes outward. We see radiation from the photosphere as sunlight when it reaches Earth about eight minutes after it leaves the Sun. Above the photosphere lie the tenuous chromosphere and the corona (crown), which make up the thin solar atmosphere. This is where we see features such as sunspots and solar flares.
The electric currents in the Sun generate a complex magnetic field that extends out into space to form the interplanetary magnetic field. The volume of space controlled by the Sun's magnetic field is called the heliosphere. The Sun's magnetic field is carried out through the solar system by the solar wind—a stream of electrically charged gas blowing outward from the Sun in all directions.
The Sun doesn't behave the same way all the time. It goes through phases of its own solar cycle. Approximately every 11 years, the Sun’s geographic poles change their magnetic polarity. When this happens, the Sun goes through changes that range from quiet and calm to violently active. The height of the Sun’s activity is a time of solar storms: sunspots, solar flares and coronal mass ejections. These are caused by irregularities in the Sun's magnetic field and can release huge amounts of energy and particles, some of which reach us here on Earth. This space weather can damage satellites, corrode pipelines and affect power grids.
The Sun, and everything that orbits it, is located in the Milky Way galaxy. More specifically, our Sun is in a spiral arm called the Orion Spur that extends outward from the Sagittarius arm. From there, the Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, bringing the planets, asteroids, comets and other objects along with it. Our solar system is moving with an average velocity of 450,000 miles per hour. But even at this speed, it takes us about 230 million years to make one complete orbit around the Milky Way.
The Sun rotates as it orbits the center of the Milky Way. Its spin has an axial tilt of 7.25 degrees with respect to the plane of the planets’ orbits. Since the Sun is not a solid body, different parts of the Sun rotate at different rates.
NASA’s Parker Solar Probe was launched August 12, 2018 and has probed the Sun 5 times since then. This year (2020), the mission is moving on to explore Venus, on October 3.
A number of ancient cultures built stone structures, such as Stonehenge, or modified natural rock formations to mark the motions of the Sun. They charted the seasons, created calendars and monitored solar and lunar eclipses.
There are many Sun gods and goddesses, according to the various religions and regions. For example, the Greek Sun god was originally Helios, and later Apollo. His Celtic counterpart was called Lugh. There are Sun goddesses too: Sunna from Norse mythology and Amaterasu, a major deity of the Shinto religion in Japan. Every single culture has its own version of the Sun’s mythology and they are all very diverse. In Cosmic Consciousness, our Sun is a stepped down version of the Great Central Sun (Source). It is a representation of the SON of God, but the force and life giving energies it provides are but a fraction of the Truth of its essence. Everything in our solar system is a stepped down version of the Truth.
The Sun only appears to travel through the signs. The Sun doesn't really move from our perspective, but it APPEARS to move about a degree a day, because the Earth moves at that rate. It travels along a path we call the ecliptic. The ecliptic is the band of the cosmos that marks the Sun's entire journey during the course of a year. It could be considered the realm of our waking consciousness. The Solstice is an interesting phenomenon, in that it is the closest thing to a station of the Sun that we have. The Sun never goes retrograde, but when it approaches a solstice, either in June or in December, it slows down a great deal, so much so that it barely moves for three days.
After a Solstice, the Sun will rise a little bit higher, or lower, each morning depending on which hemisphere we are in. When the Sun ‘stations’, our consciousness takes a turn. In the Winter Solstice in the northern hemisphere, we are turning inward, connecting more deeply with our inner planes; in the Summer Solstice we are expressing our energies outward.
What we are is immediately reflected in the cosmos, and the cosmos is effectively interacting with our collective consciousness at the same time. That is, as we raise our awareness level, the Sun participates in our transmutation.
The Sun represents the energy you use to express your unique individuality. It provides you with your consciousness at the most personal level. In the higher sense the Sun reflects your higher consciousness, which is now being reactivated and rediscovered. The SUN is the great
metaphor for the SON, the one Creation of Source.
The Sun and Moon are known as the LIGHTS and they are the generators of our consciousness, especially at the most personal, most individual level. As one of the Lights, the Sun co-disposes your lower spiritual body (with the Moon), providing expression for your masculine energy, or, your creative and expressive side. Through the Sun you experience your personal power and access your life force energy. The Sun is the quintessential archetype for the masculine (spirit). It imparts life, Light and consciousness.
The Sun disposes Leo, sign of inner gratitude and emotional Love. Leo is the Sun's home sign, and the Sun has dignity here. Leo represents the heart, the Life Force, and the Sun represents our consciousness of Self. Everything brightens and lightens when the Sun is in Leo. Our spirits should lift considerably and If nothing else, we can expect plenty of clarity and a new sense of realization.
When the Sun changes signs, the general atmosphere of our conscious awareness shifts to a new part of our energy field.Our individual energy field is made up of 13 different qualities of consciousness. With the advent of Ophiuchus, the 13th sign, the Sun now spends varying amounts of time traveling through each of the signs. We have grown accustomed to the 30 days the Sun spends in each sign, but that is no longer our reality. The new consciousness has so much to reveal about the nature of the different signs we work with.
A solar year, the time it takes for our Sun to make one journey around the Great Central Sun, and all the signs of the Zodiac, takes 24,000 years. The Great Central Sun is not the same thing as the Galactic Center, but our Galactic Center and the nearby Suns of other Galaxies in our neighborhood all revolve around the Great Central Sun, which is also known as the Sun behind the Sun. Our solar system has been within the major band of Light cast by the Great Central Sun. Additionally, our Sun is currently in alignment with the Galactic Center of our Galaxy, a phenomenon that occurs once every 12.000 years.
When the solar year begins, the Sun of our Solar system is aligned with the Galactic Center (also the Winter Solstice point, which at this time is seen to be at 0 Capricorn). It is important to note that 0 Capricorn is less than 3 degrees away from the Galactic Center, and for the purposes of Cosmic Consciousness, they are one and the same point. The Winter Solstice point is the place where all cycles begin.
The sign and hour your Sun is placed in are your lifelong landmarks, the most comfortable and familiar ways for you to focus your energies. The Sun in your natal chart indicates how to access your vital life force, personal power and limitless creativity. The Sun confers confidence and talent, and through your own personal experiences, causes you to discover the leadership capacity within. Depending on the way you utilize the vital power the Sun offers you, the personal vibration of your individuality will emerge over the years and shine forth throughout the course of your lifetime. It is the symbol of your Ego.
The transiting Sun lights up the area of your life (the hour) it is moving through, bringing new energy and conscious awareness to everything it touches. When the transiting Sun moves over a planet in your birth chart, it vitalizes that planet's energies, and stimulates new awareness and creativity with regard to that planet's expression in your life. The Sun's transit always deals with Identity issues at the most personal level.